Dennis Gyomber Urology

urology consultation

Glossary

BCG therapy:

Instillation of bacillus calmette-guerin (BCG) into the bladder for the treatment of bladder cancer. 

Circumcision:

Removal of the foreskin of the penis.

Continence:

How well urine is held in the bladder.

Cystectomy:

Removal of the bladder, usually for the treatment of bladder cancer.

Cystoscopy:

Examination of the bladder using a small camera.

Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL):

Used in the management of kidney stones. A special device is used outside the body to break down the stone so that it may be passed more easily.

Greenlight laser surgery:

Removal of excess prostate tissue using laser technology to minimise blood loss. See PVP

Haematuria:

Blood in the urine.

Haematospermia:

Blood in the semen.

Laser lithotripsy:

For kidney stone management. A small laser is used the break the stones into a fine powder which can then be easily passed.

Nephrectomy:

Removal of the kidney. This may be done as on “open” procedure (traditional approach) or using the minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques.

Partial Nephrectomy:

Removal of part of the kidney, often in the treatment of cancer. This procedure is performed, when appropriate, to maintain maximal renal function.

Pelvic floor:

Muscles and tendons that support the bladder. The strength of the pelvic floor may change following pregnancy, certain types of surgery, and with age.

Pelvic Ureteric Junction (PUJ):

The connection of the ureter and the kidney. The ureter is the tube that connects the kidney to the bladder.

Peyronnie's Disease

Curvature of the penis on erection.

Phymosis:

Tightening of the foreskin of the penis.

PVP - Photoselective Vaporisation of the Prostate:

Surgery to treat an enlarged prostate using laser technology. See "Greenlight laser"

Prostate Biopsy:

There are two types of biopsy: Transrectal ultrsound guided (TRUS) ans Transperineal (TP). Both types of biopsy are used to examine the health of cells of the prostate.

  • TRUS: prostate biopsy samples are collected through the rectum.
  • TP: A more modern technique, in which biopsy samples are collected through the perineum (the skin between the testicles and anus). This technique significantly reduces the risk of serious infection, and avoids rectal bleeding. 

Radical Prostatectomy:

Removal of the prostate for the treatment of prostate cancer. May use:

  • Open technique (traditional approach)
  • Laparoscopic technique (minimally invasive)
  • Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic technique – minimally invasive surgical technique using a special piece of equipment that provides the surgeon with magnified views and highly mobile laparoscopic tools

Transuretheral Resection of Bladder Tumor (TURBT):

An operation to remove a bladder tumor using the body's natural opening.

Trans-urethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP):

An operation to remove excess prostate tissue.

Ureteric stent:

A tube used to help the flow of urine from the kidney to the bladder.

Urethra:

The tube through which urine leaves the body. 

Urodynamic study:

An examination of how the bladder and urethra are storing and releasing urine.

Vasectomy:

Male sterilisation.

Vasovasostomy:

Vasectomy reversal.